№75 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 75
faster than they would do if there were no humans around. Our world is changing faster than some species can adapt. Pollution, deforestation and building all effect animal habitats which means they have nowhere to live and nothing to eat. Orangutans (the name means 'person of the forest'), which live in the forests of Indonesia and Malaysia, are disappearing. Today there are only around 50,000 of these wonderful apes remaining in the wild, compared to a figure of 315,000 in 1900. Over the past 20 years 80% of their natural habitat has been destroyed, leaving them with ever smaller areas to survive in.
There's another rare Asian animal which can become extinct. 100 years ago, there were 100,000 tigers in the world. Experts say that there may be as few as 3,200 tigers left in the wild. Meanwhile, there's an ever increasing demand for tiger products, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine. A Chinese doctor says, "I wish people hadn't killed so many tigers. If they became extinct, we'd suffer, too." Chinese medicine is over 2,000 years old and it seems to work successfully for millions of people. While there's such a huge demand for tiger products, it's almost impossible to stop tigers from being killed. The fact that killing tigers is illegal doesn't stop the poachers. A Cambodian poacher can earn ten times his annual income by shooting just one tiger. For the poacher it's like winning a lottery.
What can be done? Scientists have been testing traditional Chinese medicine and they know that rare animals' bones do not have magical powers, though they are used to treat some diseases. But they have also found out that bones of other (not rare) animals can be used as a substitute.
Work in pairs - students A and B. Use the questions in ex. 2b
to share your information on endangered animals.