№74 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 74
a) Read the articles about endangered animals (Student A reads
text A; student B - text B). Each student prepares to answer
• What is the article about? (give some facts and figures)
• What is the most shocking fact?
• What is your attitude to this environmental issue?
Chimpanzees and gorillas are our closest animal relatives. Genetically, there's only a two-percent difference between humans and apes. They laugh when they are tickled, and they cry like we do, too. Great apes are very rare, but in Central and Western Africa they are being increasingly hunted for their meat and their babies are being sold as children's pets. Humans could soon be responsible for killing them off forever.
Over the last 20 years, the rainforests in central Africa - the habitats of great apes - have been steadily cut down. Huge logging (jiec03ar0T0BHTejibHbie) companies have moved into the area and they pay local hunters to provide their workers with 'bush meat'. Traditionally, it is the meat of any wild animal - usually killed with a spear (iconbe). Local conservationist Gary Richardson, says: "If hunting continues, the Great Apes of Africa will soon become extinct."
The Great Apes are an endangered species. It's actually illegal to hunt them in most African countries. But, in the Congo Republic alone, around 600 gorillas and 3,000 chimpanzees are killed every year. Apes are not just killed for their meat. In some parts of Central Africa it's believed that parts of the bodies of chimpanzees and gorillas have magical powers. Dried gorilla hands are sold in markets because they are said to make children grow strong.
However much we care for animals, there is no simple solution to these problems. In an African market, a gorilla carcass sells for about £20 and the hands for about £1 each. A baby chimpanzee can be sold for up to £40. This is a small fortune for poachers. They kill rare animals because they are poor and need money. In some countries poachers are educated and turned into conservation workers as a solution.
Animals have always died out naturally. The dinosaurs had been around for millions of years before they became extinct. Unfortunately, rare animals are now becoming extinct ten times