№71 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 71
I: Some experts say that forests depletion is also increasing ozone in the atmosphere and making people short of (d)... .
R: Fortunately, it's a myth. Ozone depletion is happening due to chemicals (CFCs) released into the atmosphere by people. And deforestation is not making people short of breath as there is enough oxygen in the air to breathe.
I: 7.5 million hectares of rainforest are being cut down each year to make space for growing cattle and (e) ... and for sale - that makes 20 football pitches every minute.
R: Human activities have made a terrible impact on the environment in the region. If people hadn't cut down the trees to develop agriculture, the (f) ... wouldn't have become unable to produce good crops. Along with the trees, a huge number of species of plants and animals have disappeared, that could be useful to people in the future. If the habitat for wildlife hadn't been lost, hunting wouldn't have become more difficult for the local people and their cultures wouldn't have been lost.
I: What can be done to protect rainforests?
R: You may think that it is just necessary to stop people cutting down trees. However, it's not as simple as that. Most of the countries that have rainforests are poor and have high rates of population growth. They're just trying to make some money.
I: So what do you think should have been done by the local authorities?
R: If a mixture of different crops and trees had been (g) ... together, the soils would have stayed (h) ... . And if wildlife reserves had been set up, more money could have been made through tourism. It's never too late to start making changes, though. The prices for rainforest products should be increased, sales of hard wood should be banned, damage caused by machinery should be reduced and traditions of the local people must be respected.