№283 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 283
2 a) Read the text of the presentation made by a girl who spent a
year in the United States. Compare your ideas with the girls'
American character — presentation transcript
American society seems to be much more informal than the British and, in some ways, is characterized by less social distinction. Students do not rise when a teacher enters the room.
They use first names when calling each other, slap on the back, joke and are much freer in their speech, which is more slangy than the conventional British English.
You will often hear the word "Hi" used instead of the usual "Hello," and "Howdy" instead of "How do you do?" Those who don't easily show these signs of friendship are called "snooty" or "snobbish."
Yet, in spite of all the informality, Americans, even in the way they address each other, show consciousness of social distinction. One is likely to use more formal language when talking to superiors.
While the informal "Hello" is an acceptable greeting from employee to employer, the employee is more apt to say "Hello, Mr. Ferguson," while the employer may reply "Hello, Jim."
Women may wear hats in church, in restaurants or in public places except in the evening.
Men who do wear hats remove them in elevators, churches, restaurants, private homes, business offices - in fact, in most public situations when they wish to show respect.
At parting, "Bye" or "See you later" are most common. Such phrases: "You should come over sometime" or "I'll call you soon" - don't mean that you have been invited. It's just politeness.
Direct eye contact is very important. An American may grow suspicious if a person he is talking to is looking sideways. Americans try to avoid close physical contact in public places.
Such topics as the financial status of a person, the cost of the house or other property, religion, the relations in the family are avoided.
Americans are very particular about planning their time. They are expected to meet deadlines and finish projects. Prob