№188 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 188
St Euphrosinia of Polotsk was the daughter of Prince Svyato- slav of Polotsk and granddaughter of Usiaslau the Enchanter (Charadey). She was the first Belarusian woman enlightener.
Princess Pradslava, who became Euphrosinia some years later, was born in about 1110 in Polotsk. When she was twelve her parents planned to marry her off to one of the princes who influenced the political life in the eastern European region. But Pradslava refused to marry and ran away to her aunt who was the head of a convent (a monastery for women). There she wanted to become a nun as it was the only possible "carrier" for a woman at that time. But it took some time before Pradslava's father agreed with her choice, so as a result at the age of twelve Pradslava became a nun-Euphrosinia.
Euphrosinia spent several years of her life in Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk. There she was copying religious books and giving the money that she earned to the poor. Later with the help of her family she founded her own convent. She also built two churches one of which, the church of The Holy Saviour, still stands today and is considered to be the most precious monument of early Belarusian architecture. She turned her convent not only into a religious, but also a cultural centre. At the end of her life she went to the Holy Land where she died sometime after 1167. Her body was carried to Kiev and placed in the Monastery of the Caves. It was only in 1910 that her body was brought back to her native town of Polotsk.
Her name is also associated with the Cross of Saint Euphrosinia. It was a magnificent piece of art that was created by one of the best masters of that time Lasar Bohsha. He used a unique ancient technology and decorated the Cross with precious stones. The Cross was presented by Euphrosinia to the church of the Holy Saviour in 1161. Over the centuries the Cross was stolen and then returned to Belarus several times. However, after World War II it mysteriously disappeared. Most probably it was stolen. The attempts to find it have been made by Belarusian scientists and the government. But the investigation didn't bring any results. So in 1997 a Belarusian artist Nikolai Kuzmich created a unique copy of the Cross that is now kept in in St Euphrosinia's Church in Polotsk.