№187 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 187
treatment was unsuccessful and Maksim Bogdanovich died tragically young in Yalta. He lived a short, but a very bright life. It's a pity that we didn't inherit much of his works because a lot of them were destroyed by the fire in his father's house. Some of his works became the basis for the opera "Zorka Ven- era". The museums of the poet have been opened in Minsk, Grodno and Yaroslavl and several streets in major cities of Belarus and Russia have been named after Maksim Bogdanovich.
Francysk Skoryna is a Belarusian legend. He has been remembered and respected for his contribution to the education and the development of printing. He was born in the ancient Belarusian city of Polotsk in the first half of the sixteenth century. It's a pity, but the exact dates of his birth and death are unknown. He was born to the family of a merchant and got his primary education at home. At that time there wasn't a university on the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Skoryna had to travel to Krakow where he became a brilliant student of the Arts Faculty. After graduating from Krakow University he decided to travel further to Italy and soon became a doctor of medicine. As a result of his trips he became involved in printing and publishing of books. He printed his first book entitled The Psalter, in Old Belarusian language in 1517 in Prague. It was followed by twenty-three books more. The most significant event for Belarusian culture was the first printing of the Bible in Belarusian. Sometime later he moved to Vilno where he got married and continued his work. There he opened the first printing shop. Unfortunately, his shop was destroyed by fire. Soon after that he faced his wife's death and poverty because his printing business wasn't successful.
Some scientists said that later Skoryna moved to Czech Kingdom where he worked as a doctor and gardener in a house of a rich man. He died there in either 1540 or 1550.
Today we can call Skoryna one of the founders of Belarusian literature. In 1969 the story of Francysk Skoryna was told in the film "I, Francysk Skoryna..." Two awards presented in Belarus were named in honour of Skoryna: Medal of Francysk Skoryna and Order of Francysk Skoryna. Besides, there is a bronze monument to Skoryna near the building of the National Library in Minsk.