№164 по английскому языку за 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
авторы: Н.В. Юхнель, Е.Г. Наумова, Н.В. Демченко
Учебник по английскому языку 11 класс Н.В. Юхнель. Страница 164
Republic of Belarus
The Republic of Belarus is situated in the centre of Europe on the watershed of the Baltic and Black Seas. The capital is the city of Minsk. Belarus borders Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and Ukraine. Belarus is made up of six regions called oblast with the major cities of Brest, Grodno, Gomel, Mogilev and Vitebsk.
The name "Belarus" corresponds with the term "White Rus". There are several ideas about where the name "White Rus" came from. One of the possible origins of the name is for the white clothing that was worn by the local Slavic population. Yet another theory suggests that the old Rus lands (Polotsk, Vitebsk and Mogilev) were not conquered by the Tatars and as a result of this were described as "white".
The Republic of Belarus has become a home country for people of different nations. However, only two main languages are spoken on its territory. These are Russian and Belarusian, though in some parts of the country Polish and Ukrainian languages have been widely spread.
The natural world of Belarus is fascinating and varied. It is a mixture of forests, swamps and grasslands. Because of its unique nature the country has been included into the list of countries called "the lungs of Europe". There are numerous lakes and rivers especially in the north of the country. As a result Belarus has often been referred to as the blue-eyed country. The most widely known symbols of the republic are a bison, a stork and a cornflower.
The black pages of Belarusian history tell about a number of terrifying wars which took place on its territory. For example World War II wiped out about one third (about 36%) of the country's population.
Today Belarus is becoming more and more popular as a tourist destination. Different exciting routes have been offered both to foreign and local travelers. Mir and Nesvizh Castles have already been visited by thousands of people from Belarus and from abroad.