VILLAGE WITH HISTORY OF A CITY

Текст к выпускному экзамену по английскому языку № 66 VILLAGE WITH HISTORY OF A CITY

Rakov is a wonderful place. Once it was a big city — a cultural, religious and economic centre. Today, it's just a village located 40 km from Minsk. I've heard plenty of stories about the origin of this unusual name — Rakov. Some connect the name with the Belarusian word 'raka', or the first settler, named Rak, or, even, the ancient Egyptian sun god Ra.

Rakov was first mentioned in written chronicles in the 15th century — noted as a placc owned by the great Lithuanian dukes. 150 years later, it became a town at the centre of Rakov county, with a castle, governor and constitution. A famous Belarusian nobleman and composer Michal Oginski also owned Rakov county for some time.

Rakov reachcd its height of power in the 17th century, when it was owned by the Sanguszko family. Anna Sanguszko — the wife of one of the Radziwills — set up in her native city the manufacture of ceramic ware that enjoyed great popularity all over Belarus. Ceramic pots, angel figurines and baking dishes are still found buried beneath Rakov.

Today, Rakov has neither factories nor workshops. However, its residents are proud of their clean air and wonderful landscapes. A complex of several-storey red-brick buildings, constructed in an unusual style in a Rakov residents' garden, stands out against the village's architectural landscape. A large inscription on the facade reads: 'Museum. Art-Gallery'.

Felix Yanushkevich — a restorer and a famous artist (his pictures are hung even in the Trctyakov Gallery) — owns the placc. The gallery shows Felix's works, as well as pieces by his no less talented brothers. Moreover, it holds ancient documents, furniture, musical instruments, ceramic ware. Today, the gallery has over 12,000 exhibits.

Silver water of the Rakov holy spring is running through my fingers again. What will happen if I drop a coin? They say it means that you're sure to return. I certainly wish to come back, since I've truly enjoyed seeing this unusual village with the history of a city.

2. The author tells us when Rakov was first mentioned in the chronicles and some facts about the town's history. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What museum is situated in Rakov?

4. Why will it be interesting for people to visit Rakov?

Ответы на вопросы к тексту № 66 VILLAGE WITH HISTORY OF A CITY к экзамену по английскому языку

Ответ на вопрос 1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about. This text is about the history of Rakov, which was once a town and now a village. The text tells us about some historical facts about Rakov and an unusual museum – the Art Gallery of Felix Yanushkevich.

Ответ на вопрос 2. The author tells us when Rakov was first mentioned in the chronicles and some facts about the town's history. Find this extract and read it aloud. (3 абзац) Rakov was first mentioned in written chronicles in the 15th century — noted as a placc owned by the great Lithuanian dukes. 150 years later, it became a town at the centre of Rakov county, with a castle, governor and constitution. A famous Belarusian nobleman and composer Michal Oginski also owned Rakov county for some time.

Ответ на вопрос 3. What museum is situated in Rakov? The Art Gallery of Felix Yanushkevich is situated in Rakov.

Ответ на вопрос 4. Why will it be interesting for people to visit Rakov? People will truly enjoy seeing this unusual village with the history of a city.

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