HALLOWEEN

Текст к выпускному экзамену по английскому языку № 64 HALLOWEEN

Halloween is always celebrated on 31 October. On that night, many people will look like frightening creatures such as vampires or ghosts. They do this with the help of special clothing and face paint.

Halloween traditions developed from Celtic beliefs in ancient Britain. The Celts believed that spirits of the dead would return to their homes on October the thirty-first, the day of the autumn feast. They built huge fires to frighten away evil spirits that night.

People from Scotland and Ireland brought these ideas with them when they came to America. Some believed that spirits played tricks on people on the last night of October. Historians say many of the Halloween traditions of today developed from those of ancient times. They say that wearing a mask to hide a person's face is similar to the way ancient villagers covered their faces to make evil spirits go away. On Halloween night, American children put on masks and other clothing. They go from home to home shouting "Trick or treat"! If the people in the homes do not give them a treat, the children may play a trick on them. Some adults put on costumes and attend Halloween parties. They also decorate their homes. They might clean out the insides of pumpkins and cut funny faces on the surface. Then, they place a burning candle inside. Some hang fake bats, spider webs and other things around the home.

The National Retail Federation is predicting that Americans will spend more on Halloween treats and products this year. The group says about six point nine billion dollars will be spent in all. That is eighteen percent more than last year when Americans spent five point eight billion dollars to celebrate Halloween. The National Retail Federation also has information about what Americans will be wearing for Halloween this year. It says zombie costumes are tops among women, men and children.

2. The author describes how the ideas of celebrating Halloween came to the USA. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What do adults and children do to get ready for Halloween?

4. Why do many people celebrate this holiday nowadays?

Ответы на вопросы к тексту № 64 HALLOWEEN к экзамену по английскому языку

Ответ на вопрос 1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about. This text is about the tradition of celebration Halloween in Europe and in the USA. It’s also about careful preparation of adults and children for the holiday and about the growing interest to the holiday all over the world.

Ответ на вопрос 2. The author describes how the ideas of celebrating Halloween came to the USA. Find this extract and read it aloud. (3 абзац) People from Scotland and Ireland brought these ideas with them when they came to America. Some believed that spirits played tricks on people on the last night of October. Historians say many of the Halloween traditions of today developed from those of ancient times. They say that wearing a mask to hide a person's face is similar to the way ancient villagers covered their faces to make evil spirits go away.

Ответ на вопрос 3. What do adults and children do to get ready for Halloween? Adults and children put on costumes and attend Halloween parties. They also decorate their homes. They might clean out the insides of pumpkins and cut funny faces on the surface. Then, they place a burning candle inside. Some hang fake bats, spider webs and other things around the home.

Ответ на вопрос 4. Why do many people celebrate this holiday nowadays? It’s a very nice tradition - scientists say that wearing a mask to hide a person's face is similar to the way ancient villagers covered their faces to make evil spirits go away. Moreover, it’s always funny.

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