FRIENDSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD

Текст к выпускному экзамену по английскому языку № 5 FRIENDSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD

People often say that our modern way of life, with its individualism and fast speed, has made the world a lonely place. So many of us live and work surrounded by people, but it is hard to find true friendship. The faces we see each day are like pictures in a gallery; the talk that we hear is just sound. Perhaps this is why the websites like 'Facebook', 'Contacts' are so popular these days. They allow people to communicate and even become close without meeting up. It seems that many people's idea of friendship has changed nowadays. But what is friendship?

Aristotle was the first western philosopher to discuss friendship in a detailed way. He said that people who chose to live alone were either like animals or gods. He probably meant that it is natural to want friends. Certainly, people who choose to live without friends are frequently regarded as having problems. We either pity them or else we view them as strange.

Aristotle also said that there are three different categories of friends. In the first category, we arc friends with people because of some advantage that the friendship gives us. In other words, the friendship has a practical value. Friends in this category would include bosses at work or some of our colleagues.

Aristotle's second category of friendship is based on the idea of pleasure. Friends in this category enjoy doing things together and they have a lot of interests in common.

The third category of friendship is the highest form of friendship. In this category, people are friends on a deeper level. The friendship does not depend on anything other than the friends themselves. The relationship is so close that it seems that one soul belongs to two bodies, Aristotle said.

Aristotle also said that close friends must have eaten salt together. In other words, they must have shared some of life's good and bad experiences. Most people today would probably agree that these arc a fundamental part of true friendship.

2. Read aloud the extract which says about the changes in the modern society.

3. What do people think about people who have no friends?

4. What does Aristotle say about the three types of friendship?

Перевод текста № 5 FRIENDSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD - Дружба в современном мире

Люди часто говорят, что наш современный образ жизни с его индивидуализмом и быстрой скоростью сделал мир одиноким местом. Многие из нас живут и работают в окружении людей но найти настоящую дружбу тяжело. Лица которые мы видим каждый день как картины в галереи; разговор который мы слышим просто звук. Возможно поэтому также веб-сайты как «фейсбоок», «контакт» такие популярные сегодня. Они позволяют людям общаться и даже становится близкими без встречи. Кажется, что представления многих людей о дружбе сегодня изменилось. Но , что такое дружба? Аристотель был первым западным философом который разобрал понятие дружбы. Он сказал, что люди которые выбирают жизнь в одиночку, это либо животные либо боги.

Он возможно имел виду это естественно хотеть иметь друзей. Конечно, люди которые выбирают жизнь без друзей часто считаются имеющие проблемы, нам или жалко их, или мы считаем их странными.

Аристотель также говорил, что существует три разные категории друзей. В первую категорию входят: Мы друзья с кем-то из-за некоторых выгод и преимуществ которые дает нам дружба. Другими словами, дружба имеет практическую ценность в эту категорию входят: друзья-боссы на работе или кто-то из наших коллег.

Вторая категория дружбы по Аристотелю основывается на идеи удовольствия, друзья этой категории получают удовольствие делать что-то вместе и у них много общих интересов.

Третья категория дружбы: это самая высокая категория дружбы. В этой категории люди, друзья на более глубоком уровне дружба не зависит от чего-то только от самих друзей. Отношения такое близкое, что кажется, что одна душа принадлежит двум телам как сказал Аристотель.

Аристотель также сказал, что близкие друзья, что должны съесть соль вместе. Другими словами они должны поделится хорошим и плохим жизненным опытам. Большинство людей возможно согласились бы сегодня, что это фундаментальная часть верной дружбы.

Ответы на вопросы к тексту № 5 FRIENDSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD к экзамену по английскому языку

Первый вариант ответов

1) This text is about friendship. It is hard to find true friendship . Aristotle said that there are three different categories of friends.

2) 1 абзац. People often say that our modern way of life, with its individualism and fast speed, has made the world a lonely place. So many of us live and work surrounded by people, but it is hard to find true friendship. The faces we see each day are like pictures in a gallery; the talk that we hear is just sound. Perhaps this is why the websites like 'Facebook', 'Contacts' are so popular these days. They allow people to communicate and even become close without meeting up. It seems that many people's idea of friendship has changed nowadays. But what is friendship?

3) People think about people who have no friends that they are strange and we pity them.

4) The first type is when people are friends because of some advantage that the friendship gives us. Such Friendship has a practical value. The secont type is based on the idea of pleasure. Friends enjoy doing things together and they have a lot of interests in common. The third type the friendship is so close that it seems that one soul hard work of writing work.

Второй вариант ответов

Ответ на вопрос 1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about. This text is about friendship. It is hard to find true friendship. Aristotle said that there are three different categories of friends.

Ответ на вопрос 2. Read aloud the extract which says about the changes in the modern society. (1 абзац) People often say that our modern way of life, with its individualism and fast speed, has made the world a lonely place. So many of us live and work surrounded by people, but it is hard to find true friendship. The faces we see each day are like pictures in a gallery; the talk that we hear is just sound. Perhaps this is why the websites like 'Facebook', 'Contacts' are so popular these days. They allow people to communicate and even become close without meeting up. It seems that many people's idea of friendship has changed nowadays. But what is friendship?

Ответ на вопрос 3. What do people think about people who have no friends? People think about people who have no friends that they are strange and we pity them.

Ответ на вопрос 4. What does Aristotle say about the three types of friendship? The first type is when people are friends because of some advantage that the friendship gives us. Such Friendship has a practical value. The second type is based on the idea of pleasure. Friends enjoy doing things together and they have a lot of interests in common. The third type the friendship is so close that it seems that one soul hard work of writing work.

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