PABLO PICASSO

Текст к выпускному экзамену по английскому языку № 26 PABLO PICASSO

Pablo Picasso was one of the greatest artists of the 20lh century. He experimented in many different styles and changed the world of art during his time.

Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain in 1881. His father was a drawing teacher. At 10 Pablo became his father's pupil and at the age of 13 he held his first exhibition. His family moved to Barcelona in 1895 where Pablo joined an art academy. In his early period the young artist painted life as he saw it around him — in cafes and on the streets. Then they moved to Paris, the centre of art and literature.

In 1901 a close friend of Picasso shot himself. This had a great influence on Pablo. He was very sad and began painting his pictures in grey and blue tones instead of bright, vivid colours. This part of his career is called his Blue Period (1901-1904).

Later on, he changed his painting style and started using more earth colours — rose, pink or brown. He liked to paint pictures of circus life with dancers and acrobats. This Rose Period lasted until 1907.

When Picasso started working with his friend and fellow painter Georges Braque in Paris they started experimenting with a new style that was called cubism. Picasso and Braque didn't want to show nature as it really was. They thought that all objects in nature had geometric forms. In cubism, objects were cut into many flat shapes, which looked like a puzzle. All the sides of a person's face, for example, were shown at once, maybe even with three eyes instead of two.

In 1936 Civil War broke out in Spain. During this period he painted his masterpiece Guernica. It shows the terrified people of the ancient Spanish town which was bombed during the Civil War. Picasso was shocked by this inhuman act and in his painting he shows people running in the streets and screaming with their mouths wide open. To display his sadness and anger he used only black and white as well as shades of grey.

He continued his work up to his death in 1973. For his great imagination and skill he is called 'El Maestro' of modern art.

2. The most famous painting of Picasso is Guernica. Read aloud the extract about it.

3. Where did Picasso learn to paint?

4. Picasso worked in different styles. Which styles are mentioned in the article? What are their typical characteristics?

Перевод текста № 26 PABLO PICASSO к экзамену по английскому языку

Пабло Пикассо

Павло Пикассо был одним из величайших художников 20 века. Он эсперементировал во многих разных стилях и изменил мир искусства того времени.

Павло Пикассо родился в Малаге, Испания в 1881 отец его был учителям рисования. В 10лет он стал учеником своего отца а в 13лет он провел свою первую выставку его семья переехала в Барселону в 1895 где Павло поступил в академию искусств. В ранний период молодой художник рисовал жизнь так как он видел ее вокруг себя - в кафе и на улицах. Затем они переехали в Париж, в центр искусства и литературы.

В 1901 году его близкий друг застрелился. Это произвело огромное влияние на Пабло. Он стал очень грустным и начал рисовать свои картины в серых и голубых тонах вместо ярких жизненных цветов. Это часть его карьеры называется его голубым периодом (1901-1904).

Позже он поменял свой стиль рисования и стал использовать более земные цвета-розовые жизнерадостные или коричневые. Ему нравилось рисовать картины цирковой жизни с танцорами или акробатами. Этот розовый период длился до 1907.

Когда Пикассо начал работать со своим другом и товарищем Георгием Брейк в Париже они стали экспериментировать в новом стиле который назывался кубизм. Пикассо Брейк не хотели показывать природу в реальном мире. Они считали, что все в природе имеет геометрическую форму. В кубизме предметы резались на многие плоские кусочки, которые выглядели как пазл. Все части человеческого лица например показывались одновременно, возможно даже с тремя глазами.

В 1936 году в Испании началась Гражданская Война в этот свой период он нарисовал. В этот свой период свой шедевр Герника. Он показывает запуганных людей древнего Испанского города который бомбили во время Гражданской войны. Пикассо был шокирован этим антигуманным действием и в своей картине он показал людей бегущих по улицам широко открытыми ртами. Чтобы показать свою печаль и злость он использовал только черные и белые цвета а также серые оттенки серого.

Он продолжал эту работу до своей смерти 1973 году. За его великое воображение и мастерство его называют «маэстро» современно искусства.

Ответы на вопросы к тексту № 26 PABLO PICASSO к экзамену по английскому языку

1.This text is about one of the greatest artist of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso. He experimented in many different styles and changed the world of art during his time.His career had some periods.Some facts of his life had a great influence on those periods.

2. (6 абзац.) In 1936 Civil War broke out in Spain. During this period he painted his masterpiece Guernica. It shows the terrified people of the ancient Spanish town which was bombed during the Civil War. Picasso was shocked by this inhuman act and in his painting he shows people running in the streets and screaming with their mouths wide open. To display his sadness and anger he used only black and white as well as shades of grey.

3.Picasso learned to paint from his father and thenin Barcelona in art academy.

4. One of his style was his Blue Period, then his Rose Period and cubism. In his Blue Period he painted in gray and blue tones, in his Rose Period he painted in rose, pink and brown, in the period which was called cubism he didn’t show nature as it really was.

Второй вариант ответов

Ответ на вопрос 1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about. This text is about one of the greatest artist of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso. He experimented in many different styles and changed the world of art during his time. His career had some periods. Some facts of his life had a great influence on those periods.

Ответ на вопрос 2. The most famous painting of Picasso is Guernica. Read aloud the extract about it. (6 абзац) In 1936 Civil War broke out in Spain. During this period he painted his masterpiece Guernica. It shows the terrified people of the ancient Spanish town which was bombed during the Civil War. Picasso was shocked by this inhuman act and in his painting he shows people running in the streets and screaming with their mouths wide open. To display his sadness and anger he used only black and white as well as shades of grey.

Ответ на вопрос 3. Where did Picasso learn to paint? Picasso learned to paint from his father and then in Barcelona in art academy.

Ответ на вопрос 4. Picasso worked in different styles. Which styles are mentioned in the article? What are their typical characteristics? One of his styles was his Blue Period, then his Rose Period and cubism. In his Blue Period he painted in gray and blue tones, in his Rose Period he painted in rose, pink and brown, in the period which was called cubism he didn’t show nature as it really was.

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